Archive for ‘Recipes’

May 13, 2015

Little Dancer

Degas

He was already a well-known painter when he started having eye problems at age 36.  He first thought it was due to the cold weather and later the bright sunlight to which he was exposed while serving in the National Guard.  Eventually he found that working indoors was more soothing; he loved the dark environment of the theater, and his paintings of the ballet and opera became famous.

“I still have a spot of weakness and trouble in my eyes,” he wrote to a friend in Paris.  “It made me lose nearly three-weeks being unable to read or work or go out much, trembling all the time lest I should remain that.”

Within three years, he believed he was going blind.  The tell-tale grey spots of macular degeneration were appearing in the central part of his vision.  Small and cloudy at first, they gradually increased in size. Painting became difficult.  He couldn’t see the colors on his palette, and asked his models to identify them.

By the time he was 57, he could no longer read.  “Whereas you in your solitude have the joy of having your eyes…” he wrote to a friend, “Ah! Sight!  Sight! Sight!…the difficulty of seeing makes me feel numb.” He abandoned painting with oils and turned to pastels, which he found easier to work with and requiring less precision.   As his artistic options diminished, he increasingly turned to sculpture.  Little Dancer Aged Fourteen.  Dancer Looking at the Sole of Her Right Foot.   Little Dancer.

Today Edgar Degas is regarded as one of the greatest artists of the 19th century, and one of the founders of Impressionism.

Degas’ courage and resourcefulness as he coped with a debilitating disease is inspiring.  But today we know so much more about how to prevent and slow the progression of eye diseases such as macular degeneration, and while there is no cure, we do know that eating certain nutrients can stave off or slow the progression of this disease that is the #1 cause of legal blindness in the United States in people over the age of 55.

Baby boomers, here’s something to ponder: in just ten years, there will be six times the number of baby boomers in the U.S. as there were in 1990.   You’ll hear a lot more about age-related macular degeneration – which has been in the media of late with news that Roseanne Barr and Judi Dench are afflicted – as it reaches what some fear might become epidemic proportions.

“Tell me what you eat, and I will tell you what you are,” wrote 18th-century French lawyer turned epicure Brillat-Savarin.  Nutritionist Adelle Davis picked up the torch in the 1960s and ‘70s  in the U.S. with her slogan “you are what you eat,” advocating for unprocessed foods and vitamins on the road to good health.  Johanna Seddon – a coal-miner’s daughter from Pittsburgh– was encouraged at an early age by her father to take a holistic approach to nutrition and health.  He showed her an early news article concerning a Canadian doctor who was testing vitamin E as a treatment for a specific eye problem. She went on to become the first ophthalmologist with a graduate degree in epidemiology at the Harvard School of Public Health.

At the Harvard School of Public Health, colleagues gently ribbed Dr. Seddon as she researched nutritional studies of macular degeneration and cataracts.  They didn’t laugh when in 1994 she reported that specific antioxidant nutrients, along with omega-3 fatty acids, could reduce the risk of macular degeneration.   You are indeed what you eat.   And what’s good for your eyes is also good for the rest of your body – your eyes, lungs, heart, and circulatory system.  While I don’t have macular degeneration (and there’s no history of it in my family), I teamed up with Dr. Seddon to write EAT RIGHT FOR YOUR SIGHT, I was so impressed by the findings.

So, in a nutshell, what should we eat?   If nothing else, try these simple steps:

  1. Eat three colors of vegetables and fruit every day. The nutrients for your eye health come from the pigment in vegetables and fruit – the deep reds of beets, the gorgeous yellow of bell peppers, the eye-popping blue of fresh berries.  Mix it up.  In the ‘60s we served a meal of meat, starch, and vegetable; the new holy trinity is three colors of fruit and veggies – daily.
  2. As a rule of thumb, when it comes to eye health, the darker the better. Go for an orange pepper over a yellow one, kale (now there’s a superfood!) over lettuce, blueberries over cantaloupe.
  3. Get the yolk? The dark yellow marigold of an egg yolk is packed with nutrients you need.  Fresh eggs from well-fed hens produce darker yolks than the insipid yolks you’ll find in ‘factory’ eggs from grocery stores.  Go for the best, and eat them often.  Eggs are loaded with protein, vitamins, and minerals; the yolk also boasts carotenoids, including lutein and zeaxanthin – which are just fancy words for nutrients.
  4. Sometimes the sum is more than the parts, especially in food, where certain foods help you absorb nutrients more readily. Good food combos include iron and vitamin C (make a spinach salad and add orange segments), vitamin D and calcium (found in fortified milk and canned salmon), and vitamins A, D, E, and K (found when you pair an avocado with grapefruit, salad dressing with greens, or broccoli rabe with pine nuts).
  5. Look for foods with vitamin C, which fight those free radicals and are powerful antioxidants: red and green peppers, fruit, cauliflower, green cabbage.
  6. Incorporate vitamin D3 into your diet: fortified milk, mackerel, sardines, egg yolks, beef liver
  7. Omega 3 fatty acids are important to healthy development of your brain, nerves and eyes: they are found in salmon, sardines, mackerel, flaxseeds, walnuts, squash, tofu
  8. Deep-colored antioxidants charge directly to your retina: eat blueberries, grapes, pomegranates, cranberries and other dark foods

Other factors contribute to eye health as well.  Summer’s almost here – don’t forget your  UV sunshades (for yourself and your kids.)  Exercise regularly.  Don’t smoke.  Maintain a normal weight.  All these factors can help slow the progression of eye diseases such as macular degeneration.

This Memorial Day weekend, try out this tasty smoothie.  After all, we only get one pair of eyes.

Banana-Blueberry-Pomegranate Smoothie

This drink sneaks in a lot of bang for the buck—carotenoids from the kale, lutein from the blueberries, vitamin C from the pomegranate juice, and potassium from the bananas, plus fiber.

1 ripe banana

2 kale leaves, stems removed

1 cup blueberries

2 cups pomegranate juice

1 tablespoon freshly squeezed lime juice

Combine all the ingredients in a blender and purée until smooth, about 45 to 60 seconds.
Chill briefly if desired. Serve immediately.

Serves 2

Recipe from Eat Right For Your Sight: Simple Tasty Recipes That Help Reduce the Risk of Vision Loss from Macular Degeneration by Jennifer Trainer Thompson and Dr. Johanna Seddon. Available wherever books are sold.

I'm Blogging for Eye Health, #EatRightforYourSight

February 6, 2013

The Best Valentine’s Gift?

ImageWhy, hot sauce, of course.  So easy to make, you can pour it into a bottle and name it after your favorite partner in heat.  I love Caribbean-styled sauces, which provide a sweet heat, and are made with scotch bonnet peppers (also known as Mrs. Jacques’ Behind in Guadaloupe).  Here’s an easy one, excerpted from HOT SAUCE! (Storey Publishing).  I call it “She Simmers” (I also make a Caribbean-styled sauce called Jump Up and Kiss Me — which works.)

6 fresh Scotch bonnet peppers or habaneros

1/2 cup fresh OJ

1/2 cup cheap white vinegar

2 tablespoons lemon juice plus 2 tablespoons lime juice

1 teaspoon salt

2 teaspoons black pepper

4 garlic cloves, minced

2 tablespoons fresh minced ginger

1 tablespoon curry powder

1 teaspoon allspice

1/2 teaspoon fresh nutmeg and 1/2 teaspoon cinnamon

Stem and seed the habaneros, reserving the seeds.  Whirl all ingredients in a blender and puree until silky.  Taste and add seeds if you want to ratchet up heat.  Simmer in a saucepan on the stove for 10 minutes or so, then let cool and poor into bottles.  Makes 2 cups.   (Note: given the heat of the capsaicin that is contained in the membrane of the chile and its power to sting your eyes, etc., it’s best to use rubber gloves when working with chiles, or at the very least washing your hands thoroughly afterwards and being careful not to scratch where it itches!)

June 12, 2012

Cool Cocktails: Mojito

Image

This classic Cuban drink is all about the fragrant mint mingling with the rum, lime, and sugar.

1 teaspoon powdered sugar

1/2 lime, freshly squeezed

4 peppermint leaves plus 1 sprig for garnish

2 ounces white rum

1 ounce club soda (optional)

Put the sugar in a highball glass and squeeze in the lime juice, stir to dissolve. Add the mint leaves and crush against the side of the glass until the aromatic oils are released. Add the lime rind. Fill the glass with crushed ice, add the rum. Top with club soda. Garnish with the mint sprig.

Serves 1

Note: To make a pitcher, multiply the ingredient quantities by the number of guests. Mash the mint and sugar in a bowl with a wooden spoon, then add the lime juice and rum and stir until the sugar dissolves.  Strain the mixture into a pitcher. (The recipe can be made up to this point several hours ahead and kept refrigerated.) When ready to serve, stir gently, and pour the mixture into glasses filled with crushed ice. Serve with a sprig of mint and a wedge of lime.

March 24, 2012

Starting From Scratch

We knew zilch about raising chickens when we began.  I wasn’t even sure if a hen needed a rooster to lay an egg (it doesn’t).  We’d oohed and aahed over prized heirloom breeds at the Martha’s Vineyard Agricultural Society Fair every August in West Tisbury, and while vacationing in the Caribbean our neighbors’ hens often would hop the fence and scratch around our yard, once even leaving a little brown calling card of an egg in Joe’s sandal in the bathroom.

Living in the country, we’d always embraced a ‘can do’ philosophy, from shoveling snow off the porch roof to digging a smoke pit in our backyard (Joe even lined the two earthen chambers with stones dug from the pit —  they don’t call our hill “Pine Cobble” for nothing). So converting one of our old sheds from tool storage into a coop one weekend wasn’t a big deal.  It may even have originally been a chicken coop, since when our house was built in 1911, the first owners had 4 acres of pasture – enough for a small farm — and built 3 outbuildings, including the shed. Soon we were experiencing the winter pleasure of catalogs arriving in the mail not only from White Flower Farm, but also from the McMurray Hatchery in Texas.  On cold winter nights we’d fuss over the cute chick photos. By springtime, we were not only checking out the sugar shacks that come alive on Vermont’s route 7 corridor when the sap starts flowing, but also the feed stores along the way, looking for baby chicks and heat lamps.  By Easter, we just jumped in and did it. Without a peep.

It wasn’t until after we’d had chickens about a year, and started to experiment with new recipes for all those eggs, that we realized another dividend of having your own hens: eggs from a safe source, with proper care, can be eaten raw.  Slowly it dawned on us that the coast was clear to resurrect those marvelous classic recipes that had all but vanished in recent years.  Hollandaise Sauce. Caesar salad. Real smoothies.

Joe’s Caesar Salad

We have a tradition in our household of trying to perfect a recipe. One winter I made a different apple pie every weekend, for 6 weeks. The variations weren’t dramatic – after all, how many ingredients can go into an apple pie? — but there were distinct, albeit subtle, differences.  My family voted which was their favorite, and it’s still the pie I make.  When we started getting eggs from our hens, Joe went on a mission to make the best Caesar salad of all time, experimenting with many variations. This is his amazing result.  As is true with all simple recipes, use only the finest ingredients (especially olive oil and parmesan) for the best results.

1 clove garlic

½ lemon

Extra virgin olive oil

French baguette, cut into large cracker-sized squares ¼ – 3/8” thick

2-3 dashes Worcestershire sauce

1 tablespoon white wine vinegar

3 anchovy filets, with oil, diced

1 egg

½ cup grated parmesan

2 heads of romaine lettuce

Baguette for bread crumbs

Rub a large wooden bowl with a garlic clove, then sauté minced garlic in 2 tablespoons olive oil. Add croutons. Brown to crisp and set aside.  Boil egg for 60 seconds then cool under running water. Crack egg into bowl, scraping out whites that cling to shell. Add lemon juice, 2 tablespoons olive oil, vinegar, anchovies, and Worcestershire sauce, and whisk together. Wash the romaine lettuce and slice crosswise into ½” strips. (Hint: romaine needs to be very crisp. If yours is not, soak in ice cold water for 5 minutes.) Toss with lettuce.  Top with croutons and grated parmesan, and generous amounts of black pepper.  (The anchovies will add quite a bit of salt, so we leave salt to individuals.)

Serves 4 as a side dish, 2 as a main dish